Regular practice of yoga can help you to:
- increase strength, stamina and flexibility
- improve posture
- tone the body
- improve blood circulation and lymph flow
- promote healthy immune functioning
- balance the nervous system
- quiet the mind
- calm anxiety and relieve stress
- improve vitality
- develop co-ordination
- enhance concentration and attention
- explore the limits and possibilities of the body and mind
- keep calm and deal with challenges both on the yoga mat and in everyday life
- initiate personal transformation
- clear emotional blockages
- unlock inner potential
- feel more alive and present in each moment
- live more consciously and mindfully
- open energy channels of the subtle body (nadis)
- increase flow of life-force and healing energy (prana)
- nourish psychic energy centres (chakras)
There is a magic, an alchemy that occurs – a sense of oneness, peace and indescribable bliss that you get when practicing yoga, especially at the end of a session during the relaxation (savasana)…If only those people who ask me ‘so what’s so great about yoga – it’s just stretching isn’t it?’ could experience this – then they would understand why and get the picture!
For me personally, it has added such a richness and depth to my life. Before my current incarnation as a yoga teacher, when I was living in London and doing a 9-6pm desk job (this was a fair few years ago now!), my regular weekly yoga class (my eternal gratitude to you Nirlipta) became like an oasis in a desert to me. Not to say that my life then was dry and arid but you get my drift…It just made such a difference to how I felt – and how you feel changes everything…Yoga helps me to experience life more fully and deeply. With practice you begin to get glimpses of this vast limitless state of inner peace which is our true underlying essential nature and tends to be covered up with all this ‘stuff’ (name, personality, job, family etc) we tend to identify with. Rather than being something to strive towards, it is a means of deconstructing the barriers we have created around ourselves so we can come to the realisation of our essential wholeness and oneness with the Universe.
Yoga means Union (the Sanskrit root Yuj means to yoke or to join) and when we can go beyond this limiting identification with the physical body, the mind or emotions – this sense of a separate ‘I’ to experience ourselves as the indivisible pure consciousness and energy of the Universe and realise the fullest potential of our divine nature – this is the bliss of the mind returning to its Source. I always recommend one of my 1st yoga books, by Erich Schiffmann who describes it thus – ‘Instead of identifying with and being a wave, separate on the surface of the ocean we simply become the vast majestic ocean itself…’ It is this taste or glimpse of something bigger than just the limited sense of self – an inner peace, stillness, oneness which is that experience that touches and draws in those that have been blessed enough to try this practice.
And it doesn’t matter how flexible you are or whether you can touch your toes – this is not a barrier to practicing yoga. It is not so much what you can do but how you do it – it’s the quality of your attention and working at your personal ‘edge’ that counts. I ensure that my students understand that it is a waste of time being competitive and comparing themselves to others. You can forget about what everyone else is doing, put aside all the stresses and ‘stuff’ of life we usually identify with and just focus on yourself, deeply experiencing your true subtle eternal self and just be free. How liberating!
Everyone seeks happiness – so why is it so elusive? It is the re-union of our outer persona (ego) with our inner self or spirit that is the essence of happiness. It is this deep need or instinct for wholeness which is addressed by the science of yoga. The yogic texts tell us that happiness is a state that already exists within and in effect we have forgotten or lost it. The activities, careers and relationships that we pursue are an attempt to regain a state that we already know. In looking externally, searching desperately outside of ourselves (using drugs, food, sex etc) for this happiness we miss the treasure that is actually found inside. Our everyday rational cognitive minds which are so effective for our day to day survival in the world in effect gets in the way and prevents us from realizing our true essence as Spirit our deep connection and oneness with the Universe.
So why have we lost or forgotten our natural state? The ancient Yogi’s have always known, and modern psychology is now discovering that memories and experiences are not only held in our mind. Memories and past experiences (impressions) both emotional, psychological and physical are lodged in different areas all over the body. These impressions are locked into our muscles and tissues and unless released affect our state of being in every moment. Hatha Yoga postures help release these impressions and blocks in the physical body and consequently the mind by stretching and creating a focus that allows us to let go of the past. To be truly free and realize our fullest potential as vibrant beings of light and love.
1. What is yoga?
The word yoga, from the Sanskrit word yuj means to yoke or bind and is often interpreted as “union” or a method of discipline. A male who practices yoga is called a yogi, a female practitioner, a yogini.
The Indian sage Patanjali is believed to have collated the practice of yoga into the Yoga Sutra an estimated 2,000 years ago. The Sutra is a collection of 195 statements that serves as a philosophical guidebook for most of the yoga that is practiced today. It also outlines eight limbs of yoga: the yamas (restraints), niyamas (observances), asana (postures), pranayama (breathing), pratyahara (withdrawal of senses), dharana (concentration), dhyani (meditation), and samadhi (absorption). As we explore these eight limbs, we begin by refining our behavior in the outer world, and then we focus inwardly until we reach samadhi (liberation, enlightenment).
Today most people practicing yoga are engaged in the third limb, asana, which is a program of physical postures designed to purify the body and provide the physical strength and stamina required for long periods of meditation.
2. What does Hatha mean?
The word hatha means willful or forceful. Hatha yoga refers to a set of physical exercises (known as asanas or postures), and sequences of asanas, designed to align your skin, muscles, and bones. The postures are also designed to open the many channels of the body–especially the main channel, the spine–so that energy can flow freely.
Hatha is also translated as ha meaning “sun” and tha meaning “moon.” This refers to the balance of masculine aspects–active, hot, sun–and feminine aspects–receptive, cool, moon–within all of us. Hatha yoga is a path toward creating balance and uniting opposites. In our physical bodies we develop a balance of strength and flexibility. We also learn to balance our effort and surrender in each pose.
Hatha yoga is a powerful tool for self-transformation. It asks us to bring our attention to our breath, which helps us to still the fluctuations of the mind and be more present in the unfolding of each moment.
3. What does Om mean?
Om is a mantra, or vibration, that is traditionally chanted at the beginning and end of yoga sessions. It is said to be the sound of the universe. What does that mean?
Somehow the ancient yogis knew what scientists today are telling us–that the entire universe is moving. Nothing is ever solid or still. Everything that exists pulsates, creating a rhythmic vibration that the ancient yogis acknowledged with the sound of Om. We may not always be aware of this sound in our daily lives, but we can hear it in the rustling of the autumn leaves, the waves on the shore, the inside of a seashell.
Chanting Om allows us to recognize our experience as a reflection of how the whole universe moves–the setting sun, the rising moon, the ebb and flow of the tides, the beating of our hearts. As we chant Om, it takes us for a ride on this universal movement, through our breath, our awareness, and our physical energy, and we begin to sense a bigger connection that is both uplifting and soothing.
4. Do I have to be vegetarian to practice yoga?
The first principle of yoga philosophy is ahimsa, which means nonharming to self and others. Some people interpret this to include not eating animal products. There is debate about this in the yoga community–I believe that it is a personal decision that everyone has to make for themselves. If you are considering becoming a vegetarian, be sure to take into account your personal health issues as well how your choices will affect those with whom you live. Being a vegetarian should not be something that you impose on others–that kind of aggressive action in itself is not an expression of ahimsa.
5. How many times per week should I practice?
Yoga is amazing–even if you only practice for one hour a week, you will experience the benefits of the practice. If you can do more than that, you will certainly experience more benefits. I suggest starting with two or three times a week, for an hour or an hour and a half each time. If you can only do 20 minutes per session, that’s fine too. Don’t let time constraints or unrealistic goals be an obstacle–do what you can and don’t worry about it. You will likely find that after awhile your desire to practice expands naturally and you will find yourself doing more and more.
6. How is yoga different from stretching or other kinds of fitness?
Unlike stretching or fitness, yoga is more than just physical postures. Patanjali’s eight-fold path illustrates how the physical practice is just one aspect of yoga. Even within the physical practice, yoga is unique because we connect the movement of the body and the fluctuations of the mind to the rhythm of our breath. Connecting the mind, body, and breath helps us to direct our attention inward. Through this process of inward attention, we learn to recognize our habitual thought patterns without labeling them, judging them, or trying to change them. We become more aware of our experiences from moment to moment. The awareness that we cultivate is what makes yoga a practice, rather than a task or a goal to be completed. Your body will most likely become much more flexible by doing yoga, and so will your mind.
7. Is yoga a religion?
Yoga is not a religion. It is a philosophy that began in India an estimated 5,000 years ago. The father of classical ashtanga yoga (the eight-limbed path, not to be confused with Sri K. Pattabhi Jois’ Ashtanga yoga) is said to be Patanjali, who wrote the Yoga Sutra. These scriptures provide a framework for spiritual growth and mastery over the physical and mental body. Yoga sometimes interweaves other philosophies such as Hinduism or Buddhism, but it is not necessary to study those paths in order to practice or study yoga.
It is also not necessary to surrender your own religious beliefs to practice yoga.
8. I’m not flexible–can I do yoga?
Yes! You are a perfect candidate for yoga. Many people think that they need to be flexible to begin yoga, but that’s a little bit like thinking that you need to be able to play tennis in order to take tennis lessons. Come as you are and you will find that yoga practice will help you become more flexible.
This newfound agility will be balanced by strength, coordination, and enhanced cardiovascular health, as well as a sense of physical confidence and overall well-being.
9. What do I need to begin?
All you really need to begin practicing yoga is your body, your mind, and a bit of curiosity. But it is also helpful to have a pair of sweat pants, leggings, or shorts, and a t-shirt that’s not too baggy. No special footgear is required because you will be barefoot. It’s nice to bring a towel to class with you. As your practice develops you might want to buy your own yoga mat, but most studios will have mats and other props available for you.
10. Why are you supposed to refrain from eating two to three hours before class?
In yoga practice we twist from side to side, turn upside down, and bend forward and backward. If you have not fully digested your last meal, it will make itself known to you in ways that are not comfortable. If you are a person with a fast-acting digestive system or are pregnant and are afraid you might get hungry or feel weak during yoga class, experiment with a light snack such as yogurt, a few nuts, or juice about 30 minutes to an hour before class.